Innovation as a concept is (still) quite poorly understood. While instances of innovation are critically significant, the general abstraction of which those instances are manifestations remains somewhat opaque.
There is a class of logical systems constructs that mine a rich seam of conceptual innovation. These derive from the recursive (logical) properties of system self-containment. This is, for instance, why cyber innovation and cyber vulnerability are really two sides of the same conceptual coin of indefinitely-extensible systemic recursion and combinatorial introspection.
Once you open the conceptual horizons to a global (or ‘holistic’) systems analysis, everything is necessarily internal to that system and as such, all innovation and invention become a self-inflected exploration of this singular, complex and hyper-inflating possibility space.